Q: Are the prayers of exorcism in the scrutinies the same as the minor exorcisms in the catechumenate stage?
A: No, the ones during the scrutiny are the major exorcisms, and the others are minor. The major exorcisms take place during mass, normally on the Third, Fourth and Fifth Sundays of Lent. The minor exorcisms may take place outside of mass, though they may also be done during mass. They may be part of an anointing with the oil of catechumens, or the catechumens’ dismissal from the mass. The minor exorcisms are done during the period of the catechumenate; that is, from the rite of acceptance into the order of catechumens until the rite of election. A priest or a deacon is authorized to perform these exorcisms.